Civil Society Definition:
Recently, the concept has gained prominence as the subject of theoretical researches, analysts, and scholars. Democracy and liberal thinking have developed in the context of society. As a result, people have been aware and aware of the rights. Civil society is basically Democratic consciousness society. ‘Democracy’ is the basic ideology of civil society Professor Syed Anwar Hossain. He wrote and democracy in the world is essential.
The meaning and definition of civil society:
Although this term is very popular in the present world, it can be clearly defined. Has not been. Civil society means awareness of different countries. There are different types. Although there are many different cities, the concept of civil society has not come
In the original definition and in simple words, civil society means the larger part of the state, in whose hands there is no civil or military authority. That means political parties, government, bureaucracy In addition to the soldiers, the remaining people of any country are a civil society. Civil society. To reduce the corruption and corruption of the people who dominate the main role. And do it. Through extensive investigation, review, public opinion structure, and mass movement. So it can be said. Civil society is the people of the state who are directly or opposed to the armed martial law. Contextually associated with the democratic rule. In a word, this class or society is not aware of democracy.
Although the definition of universal civil society has not been defined, yet various thinkers, researchers, and political experts have defined it. Civil society is the sum of those social institutions, which break autonomy from the state, and whose many objectives are of one important purpose, affect or regulate the state on their own.
Eminent political scientist Harun-ur-Rashid emphasized the moral power of society while expressing the concept of civil society.
Social scientists’ perspective The civil society in Bengali is called a democratic society. Matktha, such democratic. Arrangements or democratic societies ensure strong weaponless ness. Civil In society, a society that is organized through personal and party-organized activities. Helps in the development and impact of society, but they are not government or businessmen.
Without civil war, people who live in society, with the superior aspects of state and society, with the power of civil power and the power of warless society.
The society that maintains the right to protect the right path helps in the individual’s destiny, establishes proper relations between the state and the citizens and activates citizens as a legitimate member of the economy and free organization. Bourgeois society, where the protection against secularism is dominant over the state and under which classification is inevitable for the purpose of reducing the capitalist discrimination of the rich, poor.
To make the state a peaceful and progressive organization. Class work, it can be called civil society. A strong civil society directly supports democratic participation, protect citizens’ rights and promote honesty.
The nature or nature of civil society in the country:
Civil society is an important component of good governance. Civil society plays such a dynamic role for the poor, the poor and the vulnerable people so that the government is forced to work for the people and good governance is established in the final analysis. So civilized in the country. Social nature or nature analysis is very relevant. Civil society can be seen in three explanations: From the point of view. Such as
(B) Work and
(C) Creating a favorable environment.
Civil society can be described as a framework for the care and the nation. And this Katha is made up of several organized gangs. Describe from the vertical direction. It is seen that these groups of civil society or gaunthee government is not a glitch. They are It is unacceptable to be in power, but they always try to influence the political decision. This group includes NGOs, civil committees, lawyer associations, teachers.
The state’s performance in civil and civil society is that of the state. It is not possible at all. Because the work of civil society has been pressurizing the government to implement various programs, decisions, and laws adopted by the state. Once upon a time the government. It is forced to implement the work quickly.
Women’s Repression Prevention Act or the Protection of Public Interest Act or Public Interest Act, can not be done to make any decision taken by any decision taken quickly. Civil society can influence the state to do. It is again seen that the government is spreading wide-spread propaganda for the freedom and freedom of the country.
Civil society is very effective in this 4 members of the grassroots level from the grassroots level 08 that there is no awareness among the people about the prevalence of fraternity. An important political unit in the nation through his work 9. The state’s relation to civil society. The power of civil society is indicated by the state of affairs in the state and in the right and there is no restriction or restriction on the nation. Because of establishing political control in the social system
Supporting the environment and the state:
Influence depends on prestige. But this class is in captivity even while holding power. Military occupation or military bureaucracy or monopoly bureaucracy may be present. Based on these, on the commitment of the leader of the group and the leadership of the civil society as well as the commitment to strengthen democracy, stability, and democracy. Representatives of civil society Even so many democratic governments can be authoritarian and military… Educated Professional Class:
Doctors, engineers, lawyers, teachers, journalists, students etc. are included. The reason for the inclusion of students in this section is that they can also establish themselves in the future as educated professionals. The main driving force of the continuous movement of civil society is the educated professional class.
Marginalized and working people, who are involved in different fields in agriculture, trade, and industry, are also involved in this marginal section. They basically live in cities and ‘their direct or parochial syllabus is essential in the above two categories of various activities.
Features of civil society:
Civil society is moving forward or forwarding people. Solid society involvement in modern democracy is increasing. Because this society has been able to influence the government and the political parties as a representative of the people. During the transition of the country, they provide the necessary direction. Definition, nature, and activities of civil society. To be easily discernible from. Its features are reviewed below:
- One of the characteristics of civil and professional organizations and civil society is the organization of civil and professional people. Contrary to the military, many classes and occupations are considered illegal. People comprise of civil society. They interfere with the military intervention in the politics of the country
- Democracy and civil society are always fascinated by democracy. They always work to strengthen the institutional foundation of democracy.
- Political fanatics and civil society are always fond of politics. They always talk about establishing the rights of the people. Who is the country or who is ruling? Can you rule properly? Is the constitution upheld? Role of government and immigrants etc. Regarding the role of civil society observer on the subject
- The civil society provides guidance and guidance of civil society to the various sections of the government. Performs the responsibility of the active observer. The Government, by judging the good and evil of government activities
- Governments are governed by the government and a part of civil society involved in the activities related to administrative and government movements. As a result, when negative actions were taken by the government, it was initially considered by the outside of the civil society and the civil society representatives within the government easily accept such activities. Does not take As a result, in the democratic system, the civil society is directly or indirectly regulating the government.
- Most of the people are in civil society and in the democratic country, the civil society has the same kind of speech. All people outside are from the civil society. As a result of the acquisition of large public rights
- Fundamental and civil society to basic and human rights, basic and human rights. Always ready to defend. If they violate the government or any other Anesthetist, they are protesting. Their opinions have been expressed. Get up
The importance of educated professionals and the critical goals of educated professionals in civil society. Can be done. They play a leading role in the formation of public opinion on different issues and in the movement of the movement.
To protect the interests of the people and the civil society is guided by various organizations. And there is a positive relationship between these organizations. To safeguard the interests of the people, All organizations of the society work together. Lack of questions about the overall development of the people. Regarding the government’s actions and compelling the government to make the right decisions.
Generations of bridges between the government and the people, and usually the opposition parties create bridges between the government and the people. But civil society in the modern democratic system. Vimika is more comprehensive and sturdy. Because the main objective of the civil society is to establish a democratic system. Good governance is very lax in the democratic system. Again good governance and democracy with the people There is a relation between governance. Civil society acts as the main means of building this relationship.
Non-political and civil society, in order to take political power, does not want to officially control the government or take political power. Rather government policies and government They are trying to influence the behavior of officials.
hey are conscious people as part of the people. Works for the people. The government cannot ignore their views because they have public support. That is why even though the unwritten of civil society in state power. There is an ambiguous, but still, it is not interested in taking power.
Role of civil society in the democratization of developing countries:
The role of civil society in the democratization of developing countries is very extensive. Most of the developing countries have long been colonized in some large power country. Through the long movement struggle, they are able to get rid of the colonial rule but internal. The democratic governance of these countries has been hampered in many ways by any outer power. As a result, people have been deprived of the benefit of true freedom.
At the time of the Cold War, there was a lot of power in the countries of small energy. Helpless Big power
Trying to see it without being Takaoka is motivated. They do not take any statement of civil society but in some cases. Lesejans of the civil society is acknowledged by their ration.
In the democratic rule, the civil society forces people to express democratic behavior by pressing the government on various issues. As a result, the foundation of democratic governance is strengthened. Many times, the military-backed government has been influencing a part of civil society in its power to prove itself as a democratic government in power. Tried to survive By influencing a section of civil society in such a manner that they prolong their rule.
Because of the strong unity among the civil society, they get such good pleasure. The propagation of patronage to the military ruler is true for a section of civil society, but the contribution of the civil society to the democratization of the developing country is highest. There is no doubt that democratization has accelerated. Important. Their movement-struggles, awareness of the rights, awareness among people
If we look at Bangladesh, we can see that almost all of the achievements on the path of democracy from 1952 to the present time have been based on the basis of civil society. If we talk about the language movement of 1952, then we can see that the mother The struggle for establishing the rights of language has been achieved by the civilization of civil society and through them, the final victory is achieved.
The United Front election in 1954, the student movement of 1962, the mass upsurge of 1966, the victory of the 70’s, the victory of the 70’s and the victory of the 1971 Liberation War, the role of civil society in every case is outstanding. They have captured victory in all these areas by leading the masses and leading the movement.
Looking at the political events of independence, we also see the significant role of civil society. When democracy came under threat from 1974, Since independence, civil society became vocal after independence. Since the political change in 1975, the civil society has played an important role in the 1990’s anti-tyrannical movement and democratic cigar. Currently civil society activists. For how democracy can be institutionally shaped. Civil society continues to play an important role in the formation of public opinion on the issue of corruption in the country.
To strengthen democracy in developing countries, some institutional reforms need to be reformed. The people are not aware of such things due to lack of education, poverty unemployment etc. in these countries.
In the context of the changed world politics, the democratic system of developing countries is somewhat lagging behind but it is still trying to modernize and strengthen. And continued efforts to strengthen the potential democratic system of these countries. Therefore, civil society can act as an important factor in staging the democratic system of developing countries
Civil society and Marxian and Amarksi concept:
Sunil society came from the concept of social contract. Hobbs, Lock, Rouses, etc. The wise people use the concept of ‘Solid society’ to differentiate the municipal government from the state of nature or nature. But in the Marxist sense, it originates from Hegel
In the sense of leaving family unity to enter the economic rivalry. As the world of cells, civil or bourgeois society is formed. This is the opposite of the state or the political fan. This is the hallmark of certain lax, self-interest and division, in which there is a possibility of Azanishas. Hegel has public interest only in the state. Because he disagreed with Lock, Rousse or Adam Smith in this regard. There is an intrinsic logic in civil society to lead to welfare.
Using social beliefs, Hegel, and German contemporaries. Apart from this, this suffix is used in the early essays of the feudal society as well as the scale of change in the bourgeois society. Gross materialism, modern. Property Relationships The fight against everyone is defined as the place of pride, in Marx A. Vith expressed that civil society emerged from the ruins of medieval society.
There was no separate civil world in the guild or estate as a part of the various individual societies and each of which had a political role.
These are partial. As society breaks down, civil society emerges. Where individuals become single units Important. Privileges are replaced by tie-up bands, separated from each other and separated from Ganesha, individual individuality.
Among them, only the jigasutra is established by law, which is not their intention and is not consistent with their nature, but due to the threat of punishment, the characteristics of civil society make the modern state desirous. | Smashing civil society and misery are ineffective by the state’s control or formal, negative activities, and the inherent conflict of economic life.
Participation between individuals and the general and the individual or individual sectors or between the state and the society. According to Marx, to overcome the conflict of civil society and to see humanity. For the expansion of inherent power, both civil society and its created political society must be abolished, a political one, which makes it desirable for the salvation of mankind. Social Revolution
Village civil society and civil society of Marx with the civil society of Gramsci. ‘Was different characteristics This is not just a personal necessity but it is also the organization of the organization. It also has the capacities of rational self-control and freedom. The villagers argue that the difference between civil society and the state is only a matter of discretion.
Because Lieses Fair is a policy of not interfering with the mind itself, it is established by the state itself. There is a difference in civil society. A fully developed civil society has been introduced to protect the state and as divers capable of preventing the sudden attack of economic crisis. Again, along with Western countries, the state was described as an outline for Russia in 1917 to show the contradictions of its primitive and backward civil society. A strong and strong system of defense of civil society without any
Insisted on the distinction between the state and the civil society, the village emphasized the inter-relation between the two, in the argument that although the state in the narrow sense of the day It is meant to understand the government but the real state suffixes are included in civil society. Organized monopoly in civil society is protected by forced state agencies. Again Educates public opinion to influence the economic environment, and in addition to the law, customs and
Compulsive collective pressures instead of force to be trusted in civil society. Can provide. Although the distinction between the state and the civil society can be erased in a genuine society, the villagers are both one or the detractors of identification. The state is in the development of rural civil society.
Although taking any role, the state or the state has warned against the permanency of worship. Researchers have redesigned the village. In fact, the state’s disappearance is a self-regulatory attribute of a full development of civil society.
In the writings of Marx, where civil society has been depicted as a land of private self-respect, in the form of a Hegel of the village, the civil society is referred to as the organizer of civil society. On the other hand, the role of bureaucracy and legal system is important in linking the state with the control of civil society.
The villagers also expressed that the modernization of the organization was not Hegel’s experience, there was a great sympathy for the masses. Despite that, there was a shortage of Marcus. It is noteworthy that civil society in both Marx and Gramasi thinks of the elements of economic bases and non-political aspects of superficial
It is said in the evaluation of civil society that this belief in the Marxist and Amarkasist thinkers led to the verification of Khaled’s politics. It determines the relationship between individuals and individuals and gestures, organized or unorganized society as public and private. Although the belief in the next post of Marx is no longer seen.
State, democracy and power and civil society:
If the state, democracy, power and civil society are different from their meaning and nature, their relationship is closer to contemporary theory. Civil society is an important and essential part of the state. In the proper representation of the state, the ideas, ideology, and ideology of civil society are revealed. We know that the modern state is a democratic state. And civil society contributes to the different processes of different democratic states. Awareness about the rights, responsibilities, and duties of the people of the state has spread a lot in peace.
Because it provides correct direction to the state government and the nation in any bad situation of the state. Civil society is a fundamental right of the people and very good at protecting human rights.
The life of civil society is the middle-class professional class. They lead the development of the state and democracy Gains; Movement and politics are very dynamic. Because the civil society is very aware of the politics, economy and community politics.
They act in a regulatory way from the neutral standpoint of the state for the development and welfare of the state and create mass awareness on the movement against the misguided government. Improve the efficiency and capability of influencing the state of the civil society by reducing the main functioning and effectiveness and response.
It tries to prevent the state from spreading dominance over society. “Civil society conscious people, their self-consciousness, activism, various activities and political expansions By the state or accountability of the government is ensured. Thus, democracy prevails in the country. So civil society ‘Acting as a prerequisite to the existence of democracy.
Civil society does not practice power, but control of power. Controlling power, there is a conflict between the state and the civil society. And the state’s conflict with civil society is inevitable. Subject matter Because of very few states
There is, who has not abused power. And here is the objection of Sony society. When civil society does not thrive against the state’s power, it is only then that the conflicting situation begins. At that time, determining the path of progress and progress through political dialogue and mutual discussions. As the government has political power, civil society uses cultural power. With the development of democracy, the cultural power of civil society is being evolved.
Powerful social movements, political changes, changes in democratic politics, change of government, change of governance framework – all have the power at all. And this power has brought together the civil society.
After the end of medieval fanaticism in the world, when the rise of the secular state in the world, ideology of liberty, liberalism and modern democracy and socialist ideology have developed as the ideals of the state system, hence the person is not spiritually excused by the state. Rather, the state has been surrendered to the person, but the person’s freedom has been achieved through the efforts of the state, government, state army, bureaucracy etc. so much for the release of the person?
The freedom of the person where freedom is not possible, there will be no freedom of society, it is normal. One thing can be noticed that through the process of rallying, meeting, movement, column writing, etc., the person who talks about the good of the person.
The curtains play a role in the dampness, but behind the curtains they are able to ignore various convenient facilities, depriving them of your public. In this privileged class, the government, government officials, employees, political leaders, the army, the capitalist are the same. That class can be called a Civil Saxity or civil society, in the society, that another conscious class develops with the intention of attaining independence from the class.