Among those who are memorable and famous in the history of state history, Montesuq is one of the most important. In the seventeenth-century French philosophers, he occupies a significant place after Rousse.
When the dictatorship of the tyrannical dictatorship of the French and the entire human rights of the Europa He was trampled, just like once his appearance arose. Contemporary in his thoughts and political philosophy.
A strong and sincere attempt was made to protest against the unrest of French society, monarchical mismanagement, oppression and oppression, and to persuade the people of the country from the situation of crisis and to encourage them in patriotism. Montescu was one of the pioneers and humanists of the French enlightenment movement. In every case of state views, its bright talent sign is available.
Biography of Monte:
Montaque was a few miles away from the French capital Paris on 18 January 1689. Born in a respectable family at the place La Brady. When his age After 11 years he was admitted to a school near Paris. There he is classically Take lessons on topics.
Since then, Montescu has been a strong intellectual and wise man. ‘Stoic philosophy is particularly influenced by the influence of which later on in his state of mind. Get exposed. From Chateau, Montescu was addicted to literature, politics, and history. That is why Montanes is about the economic and political system of France at an early age. Earn special knowledge.
The original name of Montesquieu was Charles LuSecundadat. Her The mother was a landlord of La Bridi. His mother died at the age of seven. After the death of his mother, he inherited the estate of La Bridi.
Twenty years later, in 1716, at the time of his uncle’s death, he donated his huge property to Montesquieu subject to a condition. Had the condition. Montenegro’s former name Charles Luis Secand will be renamed ‘Charles Louis Montenegro Baron’.
Originally he was known as Montescu Baron or Montendu. After receiving ownership of huge wealth of mother and uncle, Montesquieu was married in 1718. His wife also had a great deal of great happiness.
As a result, at the very least, Montesquieu was listed among the top rich people by some French people. Montendu was a traveler in private life. From childhood, an invincible spirit of knowledge is seen in Montescu. And this gesture would later go to different countries of the Europa and with the prominent scholars of those countries.
Montesquieu was attracted to the civilization of the European civilization, and in 1728 he attracted the purpose of traveling to the European countries, by attracting party civilization.
Throughout the year, he travels to Austria, Hungary, Italy, Germany, Switzerland and Holland. In England, go to England. He stayed there for two years and is famous in England.
Be able to come in contact with journalists and politicians. Partly in favor of them and In his hundreds of steps, he gained knowledge about the political, social and constitutional life of England. In 1739, Montenegro returned to her homeland La Bidy.
He lived and lived on the basis of knowledge and experience gained in England, he performed the truth in his lifetime. In 1755 Monttsu died.
Among the eighteenth-century French philosophers, Montesquieu was a philosopher whose writing was a philosopher. Through a very clear picture of society, problems has emerged. The oldest in his writings.
With this, the socialism of the modern era is mixed. Montesquieu wrote a number of books. All the relevant articles are ‘The Personal Letters’ Consideration of the Causes of the Greatness and Declaration of Rames’ and’ The Spirit of the Laws’. But the spirit of ‘The Spirit of the Laws’ is the most famous.
In 1721 Monttsu wrote a satirical book, at the age of 32. The book ‘The Persian Letters’ This book is the current social and political form of France. The joke on life is satirized and it is published from Geneva to Benami.
In A34 his second book Consideration on the Causes of the Greatness and Declination of Ram is written. This book is very much his third and immortal composition, The Spirit of the Laws. Episode In this he was the great man of the ancient ram empire and the reason for his fall. Take a look.
But for the writing that he got a permanent seat in the history of state Chintanera, the spirit of the law ” This book was published in 1748. His book created a great deal in the world of French princesses.
In this book, he In the context of education, law and liberty, women’s position in society, the impact of climate, environment and customs on the state and society, trade, economics and religion and history of Rammon and Fifty law.
All his activities are managed in a single goal, and it turns out – the source of freedom of the law and the source of independence. In this book, Montesquieu relates to law and liberty. He gave an extensive legal explanation.
Known for his theory, Monte is known for his method of acquiring more than his acquaintance. He believed that the experience of all kinds of knowledge was lost. And the same knowledge of his experience is his political exploration method.
The basis of its search system is the materialism or materialism. That is, he decided on the basis of the experience of what he had seen. Montanck said about his methods, he decided to take a decision from any reform. He took decisions or principles from the fact and circumstances.
Professor McDonald Said, although Montenek lived in the age of enlightenment, however, the div was not included in the enlightenment. He was not related to him when he was identified as one of the ‘philosophers’. In modern times with ancient knowledge in his state theory, The combination of sociology is achieved.
But he failed to become a science-based historian by an empirical philosopher. “From 2 comments, it is clear that his reasoning was founded on empiricism. That is, he is the President of the Expert approach.
Modern-day political scientists’ socialistic methods in his analysis method. Called it. Halaweel commented, “This sociological method keeps Montescu immortalized in the history of political thought.” Montenegro believes that the fundamental principles of law and justice are inherent in nature.
Yet though. While searching for them, she relied on the reckless attitude of the non-submissive system, depending on the real facts of history and the subtle observation of political life. Not only is he not correct, while explaining the law, in his evolution of law, he also referred to the effect of sociology, economy, religion, etc.
Also in his realistic and analytical. A clear reflection of mindset is achieved. Based on the information obtained by Monte’s history and observation, he explained the various laws governing social issues and those.
He took such an explanation as for the main ingredient in examining the moral or political value of the law. Again, Sabine studied based on observation. “Wrote,” Only Montesquieu among the French philosophers is widely regarded as a social and regulatory system.
So, about the method of Montesquieu, it can be said without doubt that he coordinates the rationalist approach with aesthetic, experiential, analytical, historical, sociological and contemplative approach. By his, we gave him Plato, Hobbs and Lock. May be described as closer to Aristotele and Beyond.
The monarch’s special session, especially in the face of arbitrariness and a little crisis in France, is one of the last few memorable people philosopher in Fate of the seventeenth century.
Regarding the whole of Eurasop, in the context of the whole of Eurasop. Regardless of it.
More expensive On and misrule reached the final phase, in which the French society and governance was an extreme euphemism, the time of the end of social life in France and the beginning of the first half of the eighteenth century in French thought culture. Soluble Personality and Philosophy Montesquieu is one of the thinkers and prominent among them
The state-of-the-art works are in the vicinity of philosophy. Maiden call by the influence of France at the time of state politics
8th century glorious revolution in England and John Locke
Through the publication of texts, Europae has been creative in almost half the century. The civil war was going on in England. Since then, one type of stagnation prevails and it lasted for a while.
One of the reasons for the reinstatement of the Roman Catholic succession to England was in effect. Matter of interest Compared to Germany and France in particular, compared to other European countries, bonds were a very liberal outlook. At least there are many civil liberties and political conscious classes are also given political independence.
The state of the seventeenth century Until the part of England, a great influence on the state of England was practiced. But on the whole of the century, the strong influence and control of France’s political events was established on this thought.
From then on, the revival of France’s proverbs continued to occur and in the eighteenth century, it was there. He wrote a new foundation. His philosophy of life is the scientific of Europ. Provides guidance on the subject, French literature and artillery span, but it has not done any direction of politics and social problems.
Mathematics, metaphysics and religion were then the knowledge. The main theme of practice. King Fourth of the reign of Henry from the dictatorship of the King.
Intolerance generates extreme frustration and pain and makes people live in unison, from which mass movements are mass mobilization or mass movements.
The overall activities of this time are worried by the intellectuals. As a result, a strong protest was raised on behalf of the educated and intellectual communities of France and all of Europa.
In this context, the era of a free and independent knowledgeable era begins, in which the whole of Europaei, And Montendu is the person whose voice is the first message of free enlightenment in France.