principle of hierarchy:
The laws of administration of the law are self-evident or natural sciences which will always be declared as truth in all cases. The truth about these principles of the organization is true. These are not unreliable and these are the result of long-standing administrative issues. These policies of the organization are not final or rigid. These policies can be adapted to each and every victim. Grandchildren only indicates the operational management of the rules, extensive and long experience.
These have been tested. 2 Responsible administrators must be concerned about these policies. And the situation arising out of their workplace has to be used in those policies. Although the principles of the organization have rejected the no-authoritarian writers. These policies are generally more commonly seen in the writings of traditional writers. In general, the presence of the following policies can be noticed
It is difficult to think of any organization other than the policy of stepping. By controlling the lower level by the higher level, the lower level is controlled by the literal meaning of the hierarchy or the foot piece. In the administration, there is some form of an intermediate level organization, in which the working people under their subordinate are subject to their superiority.
In order to manage and control administrative functions, the units are assembled in a larger unit. In order to achieve any major objective, organizations are formed and within the various functional units. Work is distributed. These units are also divided into several sub-units.
All the domains, orders and controls come out in the lower level at the lowest level. And the organization’s policy is called Paraguayan or Kayaking policy. Strictly speaking, these stages of the organization do not indicate that there is a senior-subordinate relationship in the same way. But different responsibilities of different steps. Due to the variation in the rate of pay and the variability of the employees, senior-subordinate there.
The stepping policy indicates a kind of organizational form that basically, through the various stages of responsibility and authority, based on the universal upper subordinate relationship. Progresses and which crosses from the organization to the bottom. Scale means to say some steps, which are in a step-by-step formatted. In the case of the organization, it refers to the step-by-step of the tasks and these tasks are not organized according to various activities, but according to the levels and authority of the authority and related responsibilities.
For the benefit we will call this aspect of the organization as a ‘False Chain’ when we see any organization of people, those who are related to the senior and subordinate, the scalar policy is observed. Be in the chain. The continuous process of coordination, through which the highest coordination-ability is effective within the entire costume.
So stepping is activating the action-efforts of many people together and one of the remains of the palace. Similar instructions from the same center in such organizations are sent to different levels. It may be possible that people working at different positions in the posts of the organization and the purpose of the organization have to be implemented in the work. You can From every step of progress, every working person has got his position as well.
For every organization, the maximum pardon for coordination must be in some place or in some way, it is equally important for the organization itself, that there must be a fair process in which the authority of co-ordination is the highest level of organization, It is functioning inside the frame.
In principle, all authority and responsibilities are concentrated in the highest center of the administrative framework. In this step-by-step system, the administrative head step can also be given to the lowest level; As a result, every worker in the organization could be able to get instructions and authority from the organization.
Every worker of the organization is bound by the same order and there is the same principle, the same process and the same results; Every employee is responsible for the well-known senior officer. In fact, all the workers of the organization are given authority and all the steps of the organization are formally coordinated.
Three major features are found in the study of Paraguayan or Kayaking. These are as follows:
To achieve the goal of the organization, its overall work is divided into several phases or units and sub-units. The organization is arranged in the form of a pyramid by giving various powers, responsibilities, dignity, wages, to all the working people in the organization or working in the units.
Everything goes smoothly in the organization and no middle level or stage can be avoided or crossed. There, all authority, order and control reach the lowest level of the organization, from the highest level or footsteps of the organization.
The rules for working through the Proper Channel or Proper Authorities in the process of staging. It is observed all the way. When an employee wants to go to with his senior level officials, he wants to go with his top level officer, then he must do it by the top level officer.
Likewise, when an officer sits with any of his subordinate employees, he does so by his subordinate employee.
In this way, for the proper and proper management and control of administrative activities, the work is shared between the organization’s JD 128 hangman’s. These units are some of the sub-SSS
As long as the organization is divided and the division of these divisions continues continuously,
From the highest level of the organization of the Hatter organization, all reach the lowest level. Passe Panamanian?
Chi There is a number of posts in it. The authority and power and command came in different stages. The words are spoken differently and explicitly in the vein. Employees are subject to the subordinate level. Issued orders and received the order from senior officials.
Generally, laws, organizational status, systemic powers and the highest knowledge and performance are excited. A real example of stepping down from the organization of the society is down to 47 organizational structures and the Ministry of Agriculture
Assistant Secretary. So it seems that from the control, leadership and control of the stepping or scalar system Step down step by step. with a joint secretary to the office secretary Do, give directions and advice. Joint Secretary will accompany the subcontinent. Deputy secretary with the sub-secretary. The sub-secretaries will do with branch-heads.
The branch-chief will do with the Assistant and Clerks. When the section officer will go to jail with higher officers, do the exact same steps. | Leadership throughout the entire organization and helps in adjusting it. The leader should not only coordinate the various tasks of the various levels of the organization; There will also be adjustment among the neutralized employees in various activities.
Transfer of power and power to subordinate authority:
The delivery principle also exists and this means that the dual responsibility of handing over / delegating / delegating to a superior authority is seen by the senior authority.
(1) Subordinate. The senior employees are responsible
(2) Senior employees will earn their jobs from subordinate. Further action-specifications are based on footwear
A relevance policy like that. When a senior authority is approaching subordinate authority. When he transmitted, he gave it the ability to accurately specify it. It can be possible only through the new If the organization is small, then it is possible to make the task-specifications easier. On the other hand, if the organization’s size is large, then the action-specifications
It is relatively complex and easy to operate.
The activities of stepping policy:
The activities of Sana’s policy are endless and it is very clear. The policy of stepping policy is important. 1 Nora is an important feature. The important tasks of this are usually the parent’s order. From them they flow to subordinate officers by stepping down.
Secondly, the principle of stepping policy is the main way of delivering authority. With the path of meditation, authority and power reach the lowest level from the highest level of the administrative organization.
Accordingly, the practice of pedagogy works as the main means. Under the leadership of the administrative organization, there are all kinds of messages, information, advice, specific orders, cautionary words etc. in the footsteps of the administration. Fourthly, stepping policy is the responsibility of the responsibility and the relationship between employees of different levels. With the help of stepping, the relations of different levels of organization are determined and directed.
Another important task of stepping is to distinguish between the three levels of operation of the administrative organization. The principle of stepping policy in these three levels is only the difference. It does not, it also creates jig Sumatra or bridges between them.
Sixth, establish a system of social and political aspects of the organization. One of the other steps of stepping under the leadership of the political order in the organization. Comes to and the appointed administrative officials at various levels implement and execute those orders.
The center of decision-making has been created at various levels of the organization through stepping. In the way it reduces the workload of the organization at a high level.
Benefits of Teaching Policy:
Professor Mani Paraguayan policy is one of the most important policies of the administration. Principle. “The necessity of each organization in large scale is undeniable. Judging from this direction, it is found that there are some practical advantages of the stepping policy. Below are the advantages and referrals mentioned below?
According to the policy of pedagogy, all the official activities of the organization are organized in a disciplined manner. A subordinate employee of this system cannot send any suggestion to the nearest senior employee for consideration to the senior officer, but any proposal here is considered only by the appropriate authorities. As a result, every employee has to work through a system of rules and regulations.
Order-unity is well-observed and the organization’s mandate is celebrated with the principle of following steps. The pyramid type is on the top of the organization, an executive. This executive is the source of all authority and responsibility. In this process, the line of authority goes down from above. Do it. As a result, every employee is responsible for their work in phases. That is why employees in this system are engaged in bond arrangement.
The establishment of a well-established Garage in the administration and a proper working arrangement for the post-based organization. There is no short guide in its functioning. No matter from the lower level, it does not cross the intermediate level
Can not directly reach the high level. Any issues that have to proceed through proper media. As a result, the process is clear and transparent.
Throughout the organization, overall control of the organization was established through the establishment of universal control and posting policy. Through this, it is possible to regulate the power of the employees of the Initiatory under different steps of the organization. Internal control is not done, but it is also seen that the officer is financed.
Labor and Specialization due to Reflection and Practice Policy of Labor and Specialization Policy. The real reflection of the policy occurs. Because the decision-making, governance and overall guidance of such policy decisions at different levels of pedagogy is centralized at high level and full supervision and delivery. The responsibility of control is handed over at the same time and the authority of the actual functioning is given to the under-staff.
Employees under the chief executive in determining and upholding the scope of work The scope of the work is clearly laid down and the functioning powers are in order to perform this duties.
The purpose and responsibility of organizing unity and commitment to duty and responsibility is to bring about the organization’s responsibility. In this system there are different levels of positions available, from 2 stages to low level and low level to protect .
The way can be achieved. The way to implement the authority of the organization of the coordination is based on various interventions.
Awareness and responsibility of the respective responsibility and duty policy makes every employee aware of the duty and duties of the organization. Under the footsteps, a post graduate Is simply identified. Besides, who will control that employee, what will be the relationship with him above and how he or she commands to do the job.
The subject is clearly mentioned through classification. The co-ordination and stepping policy simplifies the process of coordination and facilitates the level of sustainability. The organization’s top officer connects the grassroots employees of the organization through the G-Von Secondary Intervention for its single instruction.
He can implement the objectives of the organization with full authority and coordinate with the responsible officers at different levels of the country. Decentralization for decision making: Decision making decision through the policy of the policy. Decentralization takes place. This decentralization leads to increased administrative efficiency and
Different levels u Reyes got the opportunity to participate in the administration. In this, employees feel that they are also an active part of the administration.
The stepping policy makes the organization’s labor-intensive process more effective. In each step of the organization, power and responsibility are divided between the employees of the organization. Each level has the powers and responsibilities conferred upon him. Are committed to keeping. As a result, the employees who are appointed at certain level in Pads pan Having achieved more efficiency.
Padding is the way to move directions. It is the main sector of the up and down conflicts in which the messages, instructions, special press releases, warnings and support movements. This is the arrangement of assignment to others. In order to make the decision, it establishes the phases of the centers, and thus in the lower level. Much of the workload is reduced or stops building work.
Difficulties of the policy:
There are advantages similar to the policy of pedagogy, as well as some of its disadvantages. Consider the following disadvantages:
There is a situation in which the situation prevails. Such a situation arises when Motor’s personality is stronger than the senior employee’s person. It can be a result of the situation due to external factors. For example, the subordinate employee is real. If the owner is influenced by the influence, then the senior employee becomes helpless to him.
The rise of the looting of the reddish and the violence of laced redness (Red Ta is created), the life of the people becomes very difficult due to obstruction of the divisional regulations. The most serious problem of the policy is to overcome the excessive waste of time and follow the appropriate policy. In this system, who is concerned about each of the administrative matters The file progresses step by step and it is okay for every step, which causes unnecessary misery.
The administrative complexity and the employees of the postal-based organization, 40 The restrictions have to be strictly observed. In this, any dynamic and active month of the employees. The association cannot be established, which is the organization
In the process, causing unnecessary complications. Humanistic neglect? In this system, the traditional system of Urbanize is very important. Priority is given. The extensive Prada of footprints separates system in the organization; Moral turmoil weakens and human relationships are neglected.
Finally, it is possible that the organization has a very complex difficulty in the policy of the policy. Many scholars have commented on the inconsistency of the pedagogical organization that many scholars have commented on. In such a system, the authority does not directly cross the lower level according to a chain, but instead of going to each level; it is divided into many parts.
The content is divided according to the specialization of the subject. Nevertheless, it does not have any significance. Although the decision of the decision making department to be delayed unnecessarily, its importance and existence cannot be denied. In modern times. The overall attendance of meditation is seen in government, non-government organizations.
The control and regulation of the administration of the system an administrator means the amount of control that a person can manage personally or the unit of work as a unit of control. One regarding control or control of how many leasing works can be done for senior officials. The control sphere or the span of control refers to the number and the number of formulas.
Administrative activity is supervised, but some unpleasant circumstances = where the consequences are also unfortunate. In general, they can supervise the work of five subordinate employees. The work of more than six people who work for a job or more than six people. Senior officials cannot be supervised. Someone limited the control gear to three people. Someone has it
Limit more people to However, the number of employees under control is not visible. Regardless, however, there is a general agreement that, under control, the fewer the shuts down, the control officer will perform its functions successfully. Regarding the extent of the control scope of the administration, the authors of the administration.
There is no end. Sir Ian Hamilton said on its military basis, its number is only 3 to 4. L. Rake more. Sakharov said. According to him, “when working with subordinates, no inductive can directly supervise the work of more than 5 or 6 subordinates.
The number of departments entrusted with supervision is different. In spite of being in the state and anywhere the administration was not seen to be broken.
So, it seems that, in the administration theory or in practical practice, the number of restrictions on the number of controls has not been confirmed or corrected. Some people wanted to keep it limited to 3 people. In person, some 7 people have been exposed to him and some of them have 20 people.
Some other such numbers. But there is no universal agreement on how accurate the number is. But there is a general agreement. Which is a matter of review? First of all, everybody says that there is a range of controls in all levels of supervision. Increasing the horizon increases the risk of breaking the control.
Subordinate to the rank of five subordinate of a senior officer. Subject support can be achieved only 23%, but supervision increases 1008. Because of this, not only subordinates are to be supervised, but also to monitor the overall issues related to their officials and their relationships.
As a result, the number of subordinate people does not increase in mathematical order, the complexity of the work culture increases in geometric rules. So it is difficult to accurately identify the level of the rule though it is universal.
In fact, in the administrative organization, there is a general way of governing policy, and there is a rule of law. On the other hand, the seeds of uncertainty are restricted to limit the control overhead. For example, there are the risks of hiring a handful of employees. As a result, the failure of the subordinates to inspire perfection or their capability arises.
The real thing is that there cannot be any fixed limit of control. Its extent depends on many modified or different elements. The caretaker of all these components in the fall Personality, diversity of organization’s role, organization’s age, organization’s heritage and surroundings, subordinates’ talent and dignity
Whether it is located in a building or at the same place, or if the offices are scattered all over the space and multi-storey buildings, it also affects the scope of the scope. In other words, an officer is a very limited number of people
The person can introduce flexibility in the direct organization. May be supervised. But the officer gave a large number of subordinates to him.
Using a formula. According to a formula 16, when a person is a minority. To supervise the work of the employee, then only supervise each of them in their own way.
There can be no fixed or orange boundary of the control circumference. In fact it is. Some are influenced by special elements.
Nature of Job:
The nature of the work is to understand, to see what kind of work will be done to him. An officer is able to supervise a number of subordinate jobs while working in common nature. The engineer of a senior poster Supervision and supervision of engineer’s work. But if any of the subordinates is a doctor, someone engineer, or an educationist, then it becomes difficult for the job to supervise the job.
During the supervision, there is a kind of work to remove vision or work from other types of work. The range of control that will take place in order to make an appointment is reduced. It is easy to get easy success even when it is easy to supervise the well-known tasks of working outside of the responsible work outside the experience.
Leader’s personality and leadership of the organization’s organization. It is very important to have the delivery qualities. The success of control over personality and quality excellence or superiority of the caretaker depends largely on them. If the caretaker leader is prudent, intelligent, well-versed, capable and strong, he will be able to control and manage a lot of people.
But if the supervisory leader lacks these qualities and he is a weak and stupid person, then he will fail to effectively supervise even a few minorities. However, it is to be noted that how easy or how difficult the caretaker’s job will be, depends on how talented and well-publicized subordinates are. Sometimes, it is difficult for some talented and intelligent employees to make an appointment. It is not easy to teach them in any matter.
In that case, the caretaker will closely supervise his subordinates. That is, the person who is the supervising leader means the upper and the subordinate. The effectiveness of the employee’s occupational and personal vigilance and its impact on the supervisor’s control power.
The durability of the organization and the stability of the organization concerned also affect the control power limit of the supervisor. If the institution is long-term, then the supervision and supervision of the organization becomes easier and the range of control increases.
Senior for the organization of the nominated organization:
136 can supervise the work. Because this organization has some of the most tested methods of operation and there are people who are in good condition. Any new issues are always going to be a new problem. To solve the new problems, 4 officials have to make continuous efforts.
The significance of the place class is important in determining the extent and control of the organization’s branches and control capacities. If the administrative offices are located in the adjoining area or in the same building, senior officials can easily supervise the work of many subordinate jobs. Otherwise, it would be difficult for Tata bade to perform successfully.
If the subordinates do not appear before the higher level of experience, their job is as bad as it is, and many of the careless carers are avoided. When an administrative officer can only take care of the work of many people, then he can get some flexibility in the organization by permitting the permission of some more employees to gain access to him.
As the guiding principle of the administrative organization, the principle of control is very important. But this formula can not be raised in mathematical terms as there is no way to teach. That is, there is no way to use the control sphere rigidly. But the above four The extent of control depends on the causation basis.
However, the perceptions regarding the scope of control have recently changed and changed. The only major reason for the change in the administrative field is the increasing use of automated machines, changes in the interchange of information and the increasing role of experts. Easy and easy to simplify the system, ease of communication and speed up speed, and automation mechanism
Being used Calculation and accounting, tabulation, sorting or sorting and computation work. Routine and gradually expanding the main objective of the use of machinery in others. Finishing the work. Keeping news information, contributing related information, contributing to the well-established criteria. According to these instruments, these instruments should be analyzed and decision-making.
Recent activities have decreased in recent times. Electricity Automation Machines Helps administrators to provide a number of related and accurate data or data with great speed. Due to such advantages, in recent times the administrators compared the previous Being able to control the work of a large number of units.
Moreover, the automation machinery. The use of and transport system is being done easily and fast. As a result. Regarding the relationship, the control range is expanding.
That is, in the present government, the number of professional experts and buyers are growing rapidly in the administration. This resulted in some of the consequences of the result of the emergence of such class of people in the area of control-affected area. The experts, experts and technicians are aware of their special knowledge and skills
The country does not like the sub-subordinate relationship and the organization’s established. Changes have been initiated. The organization which mainly employs expert or technicians, orders and orders are conducted rather than suggestions, counseling and negotiation rather than Tamil.
Another important policy of the administrative organization is mandatory unity. The orderly unity implies that every person employee is merely a closest senior officer. Forced to obey the direction or direction. He is not under the command of multiple senior officials.
The group unity indicates that the organization’s chief officer must be a single person: not a bred or commission. That is, the most accepted means of order harmony. The idea of indigenous unity implies that every member of the organization will give a report to one and only one leader.
It is essential to have the unity of the order in any organization. When at all stages of the organization If there is direct connection between direct and subordinate employees and direct, then there is no responsibility
Confusion does not occur. Everyone working in the organization, his Who is the senior officer and who he can obey, can easily understand. But then. If he has to get a strict order from multiple senior officials, then he will have to fall in the way of which he will obey and work for him.
It will be difficult to do If the subordinate employees receive different orders from different senior officials, they will take a senior officer against the other for their own benefit. As a consequence of all this, their respective responsibilities will not be clear and in that case there will be confusion.